The Conversation Frame as driving force in language structure and use
Pemberi pidato: Esther Pascual (PhD VU Amsterdam, 2003)
Tanggal: 11, Desember, 2017 – Senin
Tempat: Ruang Rapat 602, Gedung 5, Kampus Hongkou
Summary: Stemming from the assumption that social interaction is an essential aspect of human existence, I argue that there is a conversational basis for thought and language. Specifically, I discuss the latest research on what I call fictive interaction (Pascual 2002, 2014), that is the use of the frame of ordinary conversation as a means to structure: the conceptualization of reality (construing dance as a conversation), discourse (monologues organized as dialogues), and grammar (direct speech compounds “why me? attitude”). I suggest that fictive interaction is a fundamental cognitive phenomenon, a ubiquitous discourse-structuring devise, a possibly universal linguistic construction, and an effective communicative strategy in both expert communication and language pathology. To support this claim, I present a cross-linguistic study involving a wide variety of unrelated languages (spoken and signed, with and without a written code) and modes of communication (oral, written, visual). The communicative data discussed ranges from the ancient Chinese philosophical text Zhuangzi (4th BC) to language pathology (i.e. a naturalistic and an elicitation study conversations of the speech of Brazilian and Chinese children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder). I hope to show that the intimate relation between language and interaction is reflected in cognition, discourse, and grammar, and thus that the Conversation Frame (with an Addresser, Addressee, Message, etc.) is a fundamental cognitive model.
Speaker Biography: Esther Pascual (PhD VU Amsterdam, 2003) is currently a senior researcher and assistant professor at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou under the ‘Hundred Talents’ program. She is mainly working on what she has labeled‘fictive interaction’, as in her 2014 book Fictive Interaction: The Conversation Frame in Thought, Language, and Discourse and her 2016 co-edited volume The Conversation Frame: Forms and Functions of Fictive Interaction (both published by John Benjamins). She has received prestigious research grants to study the phenomenon from the Fulbright foundation and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). She’s also a founding Co-editor-In-Chief of the peer-reviewed international journal Language Under Discussion.